The National Skill Development Mission (NSDM) was launched by the Prime Minister on 15.07.2015 to create convergence across sectors and States in terms of skill training activities and for skilling at scale with speed and standards. Training is not only done by the Central Ministries and Departments but also by the State Governments. Training is also done by industries/employers in their premises. There are more than 20 Central Ministries/ Departments which are running schemes/programmes to impart skill training to the youth of the nation. The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) is implementing its flagship scheme known as the PradhanMantriKaushalVikasYojana (PMKVY) on pan-India basis, besides Jan ShikshanSansthan (JSS) and National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) in the short-term skilling eco-system, while long-term training is being imparted through the Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) under the Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS). The numbers of persons who have been imparted training from 2016-17 to 2019-20 under the Ministry’s eco-system are given below:
|Sl. No.||Schemes||Year-wise beneficiaries (in lakh)||Total (in lakh)|
|1.||PMKVY + Fee based training of NSDC||22.37||49.27||43.61||70.13||185.38|
The Sub-Missions are part of the NSDM. The Governing Council of the NSDM, chaired by the Prime Minister, has the power to identify Sub-Missions in high priority areas as per need. Seven Sub-Missions on: (i) Institutional Training; (ii) Infrastructure; (iii) Convergence; (iv) Trainers; (v) Overseas Employment; (vi)Sustainable Livelihoods, and (vii) Leveraging Public Infrastructure were approved. The progress of work and way forward in respect of each Sub-Mission is monitored by the Executive Committee of the NSDM, chaired by Secretary, MSDE. The objectives and enablers of the Sub-Missions are such that proportion of individuals benefiting from them cannot be quantified. This information was given by the Minister of State for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Raj Kumar Singh in a written reply in Rajya Sabha today.